Pátio do Colégio (EN)

São Paulo’s birth milestone, the top of this hill in what was then an indian village named Piratininga was strategically chosen to establish the Jesuit School – aimed at catechizing the Indians – whose foundation mass was held in January 25, 1554. In 1759 the Jesuits were expelled from the country and the school was used to house the seat of the government, being later demolished and replaced by the new Government Palace. During the city’s Fourth Centennial festivities in 1954, the Society of Jesus has reclaimed the property and rebuilt the old school. This is where Emperor Dom Pedro I stayed during the trip when he proclaimed the Independence of Brazil in 1822. The sculpture “Immortal Glory to the Founders of São Paulo” – a work by the Italian-Brazilian sculptor Amadeo Zani – stands out in the landscape.

Curiosities:

– In this place, beside the shaded Anhangabaú valley, where the shamans professed shamanic rituals, there were three indigenous cemeteries and an itaecerá, of great importance in Tupi mythology, which means “rock cracked by lightning”.

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Location: close to Sé and São Bento metro stations.