Praça da República (EN)

A square that, today, lends its name to the whole zone, República was known by other names and was used for various purposes throughout history: Legion Square, then Militia Square (until 1817) – when it was used for military maneuvers; Praça dos Curros – when it hosted riding and bullfighting contests; 7th of April Square (since 1865), referring to the abdication of Emperor Dom Pedro I; finally, Republic Square, in 1889, referring to the regime newly installed in the country. The current version of the square was opened in 1904, designed by Tommaso Gaudencio Bezzi – designer of Museu do Ipiranga [Ipiranga Museum] –, inspired by the Romanticism movement. Apart from being a major landmark of the city, Praça da República  [Republic Square] hosts the traditional arts and crafts fair every Saturday and Sunday, bringing together over 600 exhibitors.

Curiosities:

– The origin of the traditional market of Praça da República [Republic Square] dates back to 1956, when the philatelist J. L. Barros Pimentel started in the place a small stamp fair. Later came the hippies and, after them, the fine artists.

– The traditional capoeira [Brazilian martial art] circle that takes place here on Sundays for more than 50 years is frequented by capoeira practitioners from various regions.

– The Feira da República [Republic Market] has over 600 stands and sells mainly handicraft coming from the Northern and Northeastern states, in addition to neighboring countries, like Peru. Necklaces, earrings, objects for the home and many other items that show the face and culture of Brazil and enchant visitors from all corners. One characteristic of the fair is the canvases with various motifs, exhibited out in the open.

– Located at the Square is one of the Tourist Information Centers (‘CIT’) of São Paulo Turismo, offering cultural guides to the public, as well as city maps and leaflets of places to visit. CIT República’s outer walls are graffiti-painted by the artists Binho Ribeiro, Minhau and Chivitz, figures already famous for their urban art in the metropolis. The background of the graffiti is the tourist points of São Paulo.

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Location: República metro station.